Waterfall in the rock garden of Nek Chand, Chandigarh, northwestern India. The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to administrative, legislative and judicial capitals. As per documents submitted in the Lok Sabha, the Centre had even issued a formal communication is this regard on January 29, 1970, almost three years after Haryana came into being. Divya ADivya A reports on travel, tourism, culture and social issues - not ne... read more, * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2020 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Explained: Why Punjab's claim over Chandigarh is stronger than Haryana's, Chandigarh was planned to replace Lahore, the capital of erstwhile Punjab, which became part of Pakistan during the Partition. Can the President of the United States pardon proactively? Chandigarh is similar to Delhi in that it is granted the status of a city and of a union territory at the same time. Chandigarh has a belt of parks running from sectors. [25][26] In 1949 the American planner and architect Albert Mayer was tasked to design a new city to be called "Chandigarh". Sikhism is the second most popular religion in the city, followed by 13.11% of the people. [61][62] The city comprises 26 wards represented by 26 elected councillors, and also nominates 9 councillors. The Open Hand (La Main Ouverte) is a recurring motif in Le Corbusier's architecture, a sign for him of "peace and reconciliation. [90], The Chandigarh Golf Club has a 7,202-yard, 18-hole course known for its challenging narrow fairways, dogleg 7th hole, and floodlighting on the first nine holes. [20], The motif or sobriquet of "The City of Beauty" was derived from the City Beautiful movement that was a popular philosophy in North American urban planning during the 1890s and 1900s. With the partition of India in 1947, the old British province of Punjab was divided into two parts. The statement once again brought into focus the long-simmering dispute between the two states over one of India’s most modern cities. In 2018, Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar suggested to set up a special body for development of Chandigarh, but the Punjab CM rejected it, saying the city “indisputably belonged to Punjab”. Many institutions serve minorities in the city. Sukhna Lake itself hosts the Garden of Silence. [97] The intent is that the economic success and progressivism of cities such as Chandigarh as a lightning rod for social change would gradually be emulated at the scale of the nation. Ladakh. : Rediff.com News", "Chandigarh 'happiest' city, claims LG survey", "Chandigarh is the Happiest City of India - LG Survey", "Chandigarh happiest city in India, Guwahati least: LG Survey", "Tricity residents to get Emaar MGF's Central Plaza soon", "Chandigarh: Info on geography, history, government, districts, business, economy, travel, rivers, education, food, arts, culture, music, dance, festivals", "Official website of the Chandigarh Administration", "Displaced for making Chandigarh, their marginalization is still on", "Capitol Complex, as Le Corbusier wanted it, remains incomplete", "Abstracts from the Indian Psychological Science Congress, 12-13 October, 2011, Chandigarh, India", "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Chandigarh", "Station: Chandigarh Climatological Table 1961–1990", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Chandigarh Forest Flora - Comprehensive Database", "Official Website of Chandigarh Administration", "Sukhna Lake - Chandigarh Sukhna Lake - Sukhna Lake of Chandigarh India", "The Garden of Silence – quieter end of Sukhna Lake", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "After mother tongue, city more proficient in English", "List of Text Books Prescribed for Classes I to X in Government Non-Model Schools of Chandigarh (UT) for the Session 2007-08", "K K Yadav set to be new MC commissioner", "BJP's Raj Bala Malik is new Chandigarh mayor", "BJP's Raj Bala Malik is new Chandigarh Mayor - The Hindu", "Wards | The official website of Municipal Corporation Chandigarh,Chandigarh Administration, India", "BJP-SAD wins all top posts in Chandigarh MC polls", "BJP Sweeps Chandigarh Municipal Polls, Amit Shah Calls It Vote For Notes Ban", "How Chandigarh's four-pronged strategy is helping the city fight COVID-19 | Citizen Matters", "Plans afoot to revamp Chandigarh's over 5-decade-old sewerage system - chandigarh - Hindustan Times", http://chandigarh.gov.in/knowchd_redfinechd.htm, "6 Indian cities among emerging outsourcing hubs", "IAS OUR DREAM - Chandigarh is often called a "Pensioner's... - Facebook", Chandigarh people, culture and occupation, "Chandigarh Metro Project Cost and Other Details", "Chandigarh Metro - Know what's happening in Chandigarh", "Trying to get Film City for Chandigarh soon: Kirron Kher", "60 venues to stage Ramlila in Chandigarh this year", "Top Ten Towns with Highest Number of Car Ownership in India", "Chandigarh city guide, information, history, weather, geographic statistics", "Government Schools | Department of Education Chandigarh Administration", "Sector 16 Stadium - India - Cricket Grounds - ESPN Cricinfo", "Chandigarh Golf Club (CGC) - Golf in Punjab - Haryana golf - North India Golf - Golfgaga – Where golfers meet! [14] In 2015, a survey by LG Electronics ranked it as the happiest city in India over the happiness index. The eastern part was granted to India, but it was without an administrative, commercial, or cultural centre. Sculpture by Le Corbusier, Chandigarh, northwestern India. Junglefowl, Sukhna wildlife sanctuary, Chandigarh, Sambar deer in City Forest Park,Chandigarh. Chandigarh hosts many religious places, including Chandimandir, the temple after which it was named. India is a country located in Southern Asia. At the time of reorganisation of Punjab in 1966, the city assumed the unique distinction of being the capital of both Punjab and Haryana, even as it was declared a union territory and was placed under the direct control of the Centre. Chandigarh (local pronunciation: [tʃə̃ɳˈɖiːɡəɽʱ] ()) is a city, district and union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighbouring states of Punjab and Haryana. [18], The name Chandigarh is a compound of Chandi and Garh. Chandigarh’s local museum houses a rich collection of Gandhara sculptures and Pahari and Sikh paintings, while archaeological digs in the area have yielded ancient Indus civilization (c. 2500–1700 bce) artifacts, particularly pottery. Among the city’s principal industries are electronics, pharmaceuticals, ceramic plumbing fixtures, and electrical appliances. [69] In September 2020, the civic body announced that it would upgrade and renew the 50-year-old sewerage system. Co-authoring a paper with a persona non grata. As per the 1970 documents, the Centre had considered various alternatives for settling the matter, including dividing the city. Many trees in Chandigarh are given a status of the natural heritage of the city. [95] Though built as a state capital Chandigarh came to be focused in industry and higher education. Omissions? As a union territory, the city is ruled directly by the Union Government of India and is not part of either state." ", "LG, UT Hqrs, Head of Police to have Sectts at both Leh, Kargil: Mathur", "Gairsain Named Uttarakhand's New Summer Capital", https://instapdf.in/indian-states-and-capital-list-2020/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_state_and_union_territory_capitals_in_India&oldid=989892597, States and union territories of India-related lists, Lists of capitals of country subdivisions, Cities and towns in India by state or territory, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 16:52. It represents what Le Corbusier called the "Second Machine Age". Chandigarh has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) characterised by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (−1 °C to 46 °C OR 30.2 °F to 114 °F).

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