(nouns: ты́сяча (f.), миллио́н (m.), миллиа́рд (m.)) in singular or in plural are regarded as nouns and always require Genitive case in plural: пятью́ ты́сячами (Instr.) The complexity of its declensions resembles older languages such as Latin and Ancient Greek more than most modern languages. Alternative for possessive adjectives are possessive genitives which are used much more commonly. In modern editions of classical poetry some elements of this system are still used if they are important for rhyme or metrics. Depending on case endings all singular nouns are divided into three types of declension. Start typing in Russian and you will be suggested the words we have that match your search. Русский язык. The sense of a noun is determined from the context in which it appears. in the dative and prepositional cases (травe, Start typing in Russian and you will be suggested the … ), grouping two or three digits: 123406 – сто два́дцать три четы́реста шесть, двенадцать три́дцать четы́ре ноль шесть (forced ноль added to avoid missing digit). Random Russian Idiom. маши́н (Gen.); cf. In the latter example, only the last word is declined with noun. рабо́та – a work/job, ба́ня – a bathhouse, кни́га – a book, ли́ния – a line. WORD OF THE DAY Blue digits are indicatives of case endings, marked by blue letters. Most numbers ending with "1" (in any gender: оди́н, одна́, одно́) require Nominative singular for a noun: два́дцать одна́ маши́на (21 cars), сто пятьдеся́т оди́н челове́к (151 people). Краткий теоретический курс для школьников, "Значение Пушкина в развитии русского литературного языка", "The Morphology/Syntax Interface: Evidence from Possessive Adjectives in Slavonic", "The structure and use of collective numeral phrases in Slavic: Russian, Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian, and Polish", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Russian_declension&oldid=989444621, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Masculine and neutral nouns people, including common-gender (except presuming feminine group), Collective numerals are used to emphasize the cohesiveness of the group, while cardinal (, 8–10 are seldom used; in oblique cases is optional, The use of a direct object in the genitive instead of the accusative in negation signifies that the noun is indefinite, compare: ", The use of the numeral one sometimes signifies that the noun is indefinite, e.g. of first declension singular nouns. This is a very simple Russian nouns declinator. Note for superscript case notations: small letters denote singular forms, capitals denote plural. While forming them, upper three orders of numerals are agglutinated to nearest dividing power of 1000, which results in constructing some of the longest natural Russian words, e.g. Note the following: Before 1917, adjectival declension looked quite different, at least in writing; for example, there were special feminine plural forms, as in French. This principle is relevant for masculine singular nouns of the second declension (see below) and adjectives, and for all plural paradigms (with no gender distinction). чьё? Adjectives may be divided into three general groups: The pattern described below matches the full forms of most adjectives, except possessive ones; it is also used for substantivated adjectives as учёный and for adjectival participles. Traditionally, full Russian name consists of a person name (и́мя – given name or first name), patronym (о́тчество – father's name as middle name) and a family name (фами́лия – surname or last name). (Three friends went hunting [together], I see two men [together], I see two sleighs [together].) Russian noun cases often replace the usage of prepositions in other Indo-European languages. Unlike English, Russian uses the same form for a possessive adjective and the corresponding possessive pronoun. It also has other types of words, relative to numbers: (раз is used for counting; един- is used in some compound words). The numbers from 11 to 19 are: оди́ннадцать, двена́дцать, трина́дцать, четы́рнадцать, пятна́дцать, шестна́дцать, семна́дцать, восемна́дцать, девятна́дцать. Comparison forms are usual only for qualitative adjectives and adverbs. Comparative and superlative synthetic forms are not part of the paradigm of original adjectives but are different lexical items, since not all qualitative adjectives have them. Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, demonstratives, most numerals and other particles are declined for two grammatical numbers (singular and plural) and six grammatical cases (see below); some of these parts of speech in the singular are also declined by three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine and neuter). об армии, Up to ten additional cases are identified in linguistics textbooks,[1][2][3] although all of them are either incomplete (do not apply to all nouns) or degenerate (appear identical to one of the six simple cases). Examples: There a 3 declension types in Russian: first declension (I declension), second declension (II declension) and … are not modified when they change number and case. Most abbreviations are undeclined (one exception is вуз). Female name is in 1st declension, but ending -ой is used for a family name in all oblique cases.

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