Timing becomes critical to the effectiveness of drag and the overlapping action. Follow through and overlapping action are two separate kinds of movement, but they work in conjunction to create more realistic animations. Bibliography: Follow through is the idea that separate parts of the body will continue moving after the character has come to a stop. (2015). (1999). Follow Through is when the main elements of a movement will stop while others continue due to the momentum of that movement. Nothing stops all at once. Follow Through and Overlapping Action In real life, everything moves at different speeds and at different moments in time, so follow through and overlapping action is important for capturing realistic and fluid movement. Follow through and overlapping action is a general heading for two closely related techniques which help to render movement more realistically, and help to give the impression that characters follow the laws of physics. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4OxphYV8W3E&list=PL-bOh8btec4CXd2ya1NmSKpi92U_l6ZJd&index=5 [Accessed 25 Sep. 2016]. The character is going in a new direction, to be followed, a number of frames later, by his clothes in the new direction. Follow through and overlapping action are closely related techniques which, when applied to animation, can help to render movement more realistically by more closely obeying the laws of physics. ( Log Out / A common mistake is making things look swimmy – like they’re underwater when they’re not. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. As a general rule, the targets for these principles divide into two main groups: active and passive. So when a character is running and stops, their main body will stop, but the other parts of their body will keep moving for a bit after. Follow Through & Overlapping Action – 12 Principles of Animation. Those in the active group have some control over their movements. When the main body of the character stops all other parts continue to catch up to the main mass of the character, such as arms, long hair, clothing, coat tails or a dress, floppy ears or a long tail (these follow the path of action). Overlapping action is when the character changes direction while his clothes or hair continues forward. The passive group is anything that is driven purely by adhesion, constraint or influence from an initiator – for example, hair attached to the scalp by its roots or clothes wrapped around the body. 5. – the body parts moving at the same time and same way might seam a bit mechanical and unless it is intentional they should not behave in that way In a character it can be anything from its arms and legs to its clothing and hair. This is follow through. For instance, in this scene, Mulan’s head stops first and then her hair. The 'overlapping action' is when the character or object change direction while his (for example) keys or clothes carry on moving, eventually the other parts continue to catch up to the main mass of the object or character. Long hair and animal tail will also be handled in the same manner. Follow through means that any object that stops in motion and has loose other parts connected will follow the main portion of the body and pass its center of gravity. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. On the human body, the torso is the core, with arms, legs, head and hair appendices that normally follow the torso’s movement. Follow through and overlapping action is about the fact that parts of the body move at different speeds, and different parts start and stop moving at different times, sometimes due to the intention of the movement, and sometimes simply due to drag on the character in motion. When the character stops moving, its tail doesn’t stop at the same time. Becker, A. Follow Through & Overlapping Action – 12 Principles of Animation. Follow Through and Overlapping Action. Here is an example: On the left, every part of the arm moves at the same time. This is visible in pretty much all character animation, from simple walk cycles, to more complex animation, like a character bouncing down the stairs in 1920 Disney cartoon, “Steamboat Willie”: Or, even more complicated action, like a fight scene in “Avatar: The Legend of Korra”: Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Following through means that separate parts of a body will continue moving after the character has stopped. *** Nothing stops at the same time, so the follow through action describes the comparative action of the other constitute parts that carry on moving. Tarzan. These parts can be inanimate objects like clothing or the antenna on a car, or parts of the body, such as arms or hair. The exaggeration of these principles is dependent on their weight and their environment. (2002). On the left the arm, forearm and hand all move with slightly different timing and speed. In features, this type of action is done more subtly. ( Log Out / Follow through is used to give a more natural feel to a character’s movement in a scene. For example, in this scene from the Disney film Tangled, Rapunzel spins in place. This gives a much more fluid and natural movement to the arm. Overlapping action is the tendency for parts of the body to move at different rates (an arm will move on different timing of the head and so on). – tertiary actions are the ones that resulted from primary and secondary actions. In the same way that limbs, hair and clothing don’t come to a full stop all together, they also don’t start moving at the same time or move at the same speed. Under water, for example, passive objects waft about in a different manner to on the surface. Follow Through and Overlapping Action – The follow through principle argues that when a character is in action and stops, nothing stops all at once. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! (2002). (1999). When the character stops moving, its tail doesn’t stop at the same time. Objects that are in motion have a dynamic associated with them. The tiles do not … Follow-through is the movement following the termination of an action. Similarly, when a car stops abruptly, the passengers in that car are still thrown forward – they do not stop at the same time as the car. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Webster, C. (2005). He told them: Things don’t stop suddenly in the real world any more than they start suddenly. Tarzan. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. At the Disney Studio, Walt Disney was eager to push his animators to improve their work and develop their skills. 5) Follow-Through and Overlapping Action When a moving object such as a person comes to a stop, parts might continue to move in the same direction because of the force of forward momentum. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Lesson 4 - Introduction to Digital Animation, Lesson 5 - Graph Editor, Audio and Timing, Lesson 8 - Color grading, effects and post production. Follow through and overlapping action is about the fact that parts of the body move at different speeds, and different parts start and stop moving at different times, sometimes due to the intention of the movement, and sometimes simply due to drag on the character in motion. Follow through is similar to anticipation, except it occurs after the action instead of before it. It drags and keeps moving for a little while until it comes to a full stop. Becker, A. ( Log Out / Body parts with much tissue, such as large stomachs and breasts, or the loose skin on a dog, are more prone to independent movement than bonier body parts. Mobile UX Follow Through and Overlapping Action Examples: (Caption: The transition animation to and from the dynamic tiles experience on the Windows Mobile 7 employs the principle of overlapping action. The act of animating parts of the same character with different timing and speed is called overlapping action. Follow through and overlapping action is a general heading for two closely related techniques which help to render movement more realistically, and help to give the impression that characters follow the laws of physics.
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