Which Countries Are Considered Western Europe. 1996. [12] In 2003, foreign trade pumped $23 billion into the state's economy and generated $2.5 billion in state and local taxes. The region was predominantly in support of the Democratic Party for the large part of the 19th and 20th centuries because it considered the Republican Party responsible for igniting the Civil War that decimated the social and economic order of the region. Atkins, Leah Rawls, Wayne Flynt, William Warren Rogers, and David Ward. This politically defined region, called the Southern Black Belt, is a patchwork of 623 counties scattered throughout the South.[8][9]. However I think the above states are truly the deep south and any others are just border states, including Tennessee, Arkansas, North Carolina, Florida, and Texas. It commonly refers to the following states: Alabama, South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, and Louisiana. Culturally, the term can be used to describe the antebellum period. Before the nineteenth century, this region was a mosaic of prairies and oak-hickory forests. By Victor Kiprop on April 11 2019 in World Facts. Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure, The Southern Black Belt, A National Perspective Overview, The Black Belt South: Germany in the World Economy, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Deep_South&oldid=1037790, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. History defines the Deep South as the original seven states of Confederacy, although the term was first used long after the Civil War ended. Once those with personal memories of the antebellum South were largely deceased, the term continued to be used. However, much of the rural Deep South suffers from poverty, inadequate medical and education services, and few opportunities for personal enrichment. Eventually, Black Belt came to describe the larger area of the South with historic ties to slave plantation agriculture and the cash crops cotton, rice, sugar, and tobacco. Most definitions include the states of Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Before the war, the region was known as the “Lower South" and included Georgia, Florida, northern Alabama, North Louisiana, East Texas, and Mississippi. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',169,'0','0'])); As many as 25 percent of the manufacturing companies in South Carolina are foreign-owned. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. The "Old South" is usually defined in opposition to the Deep South including Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia and Mississippi, and it is also further differentiated from the inland border states such as Kentucky and West Virginia and the peripheral southern states of Florida and Texas. Most of it remains rural, with a diverse range of crops, including most of the nation's peanut and soybean production. While black residents are disproportionately affected, these problems apply to the region's general population. Although this had been a richly productive region, the early twentieth century brought a general economic collapse, among the many causes of which were soil erosion and depletion, the boll weevil invasion and subsequent collapse of the cotton economy, and the socially repressive Jim Crow laws. The states commonly referred to as being part of the “deep south” are Mississippi, Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, and Louisiana. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'whatstates_org-box-4','ezslot_1',107,'0','0']));According to Wikipedia Tennessee is sometimes lumped in with the other states and referred to as being part of the deep south. The Deep South can include or exclude some states depending on the context. [6], According to the 2000 Census, there were 96 counties in the U.S. where the black percentage of the population was over 50 percent, of which 95 were distributed across the Coastal and Lowland South in a loose arc. The chemical industry, food processing, coal products, and petroleum dominate Louisiana. Before the war, the region was known as the “Lower South" and included Georgia, Florida, northern Alabama, North Louisiana, East Texas, and Mississippi. Within the Deep South is a region known as the Black Belt. A perfect example of how the southern American regions represent a melting pot of cultures, Palmetto State is famous for the Gullah communities. The latter definition expanded to cover the entire state of Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Florida, and East Texas. In his 1901 autobiography Up from Slavery, Booker T. Washington wrote, describing the Black Belt, The term was first used to designate a part of the country which was distinguished by the colour of the soil. In order of secession they are: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Geographically, Old South is a subregion of the American South, differentiated from the "Deep South" as being the Southern states represented in the original thirteen American colonies, as well as a way of describing the former lifestyle in the Southern United States. South Carolina is the state that marks the Eastern gateway to the Deep South of the United States. A majority of blacks saw it as being a reference to the past times of slavery and the plantation. Other top agricultural commodities include nursery and greenhouse products, watermelons, peanuts, chickens and turkeys. This pattern became known as the "Solid South." eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'newworldencyclopedia_org-box-4','ezslot_2',170,'0','0'])); The term Black Belt is still used to describe a crescent-shaped region about 300 miles (480 km) long and up to 25 miles (40 km) wide, extending from southwest Tennessee to east-central Mississippi and then east through Alabama to the border with Georgia. The states are distinguished from the Old South in that the "Old South" states, are those that were among the original thirteen American colonies. What State Has the Most Shoreline Including Lakes. Samuel D. Calhoun, Richard J. Reeder, and Faqir S. Bagi. Some consider Florida and Texas as part of the area, due to their shared borders with the other five states. The part of the country possessing this thick, dark, and naturally rich soil was, of course, the part of the South where the slaves were most profitable, and consequently they were taken there in the largest numbers.

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